Button Batteries: Damaging if Swallowed, Put in Ears or Nose

A child's curiosity can be dangerous. Each year, more than 3,000 button battery ingestions are reported in the US. Button batteries are the small round batteries found in small electronics, such as remote controls, toys, flameless candles, bathroom scales, and digital thermometers. 

In this video, Kris R. Jatana, MD, FAAP, Associate Professor in the Department of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery at The Ohio State University & Nationwide Children's Hospital, explains the signs and symptoms of button battery ingestion—including when one is lodged in the ear canal or nose. 

If you ever suspect your child swallowed a button battery, go immediately to an emergency room. Serious damage can occur in as little as 2 hours. 

Kris R. Jatana, MD, FAAP "Button Batteries"

Choking Hazards Parents of Young Children Should Know About

Young children 6 months to 3 years old are at the highest risk for choking on food and non-food items.  

In this video, Philip Geadreau, MD, Assistant Professor of Pediatric Otolaryngology at Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences—Naval Medical Center San Diego, identifies the risk factors and common items associated with choking. He also explains what parents should do in a choking emergency. 

Remember, the most important step you can take is to prevent the choking in the first place.
 

Philip Geadreau, MD "Choking Hazards Parents of Young Children Should Know About"

Tongue-Tie in Infants & Young Children

Up to 10% of the population has some form of tongue-tie (ankyloglossia, tight frenulum). In this video, Anna K. Meyer, MD, Associate Professor of Pediatric Otolaryngology at the University of California in San Francisco, explains why it is important to talk with your doctor if your child's feeding, speech development, or oral health are compromised due to tongue-tie. Your doctor may refer you to a pediatric dentist, pediatric otolaryngologist, or pediatric plastic surgeon for further evaluation.  

Surgery (frenotomy or frenuloplasty) should be considered if the tongue-tie appears to restrict tongue movement, such as inability to latch on with breastfeeding. It is a is a simple, safe, and effective procedure—general anesthesia is not required.

Anna K. Meyer, MD "Tongue-Tie in Infants & Young Children"


Why Does My Child Have a Chronic Cough?

While all children will experience coughing, the development of chronic cough—one that lasts more than 4 weeks—warrants a visit to the pediatrician. 

In this video, Matthew T. Brigger, MD, MPH, a pediatric otolaryngologist at Rady Children's Hospital San Diego, explains the many different causes for a persistent or chronic cough in children. 

Ultimately, your pediatrician is your best source for evaluation and can refer you to a pediatric specialist if needed. 

Matthew T. Brigger, MD, MPH "Why Does My Child Have A Chronic Cough?"


Reasons Why Your Child Has a Runny Nose

Are you constantly running after your child with tissues? Is the drainage clear, green, or yellow? 

The clear drainage everyone has in their nose actually serves an important purpose, and a small amount is normal. Too much, however, can clog the nose and lead to infection. Viruses can cause the mucus to be green or yellow.   

In this video, William Collins, MD, FACS, FAAP, Chief of the Division of Pediatric Otolaryngology at the University of Florida, explains the anatomy of the nose, the many reasons a child will have runny nose, and when to see your doctor. Dr. Collins also discusses nasal injuries and the signs your child may have put something in his or her nose.  

William Collins, MD, FACS, FAAP "Reasons Why Your Child Has a Runny Nose"

What to Do If You Discover a Lump on Your Child's Neck

Pediatricians commonly see children with swollen glands or lumps under the skin of the neck. While this can be very alarming for parents, it is important to know that most neck masses are not a cause for concern.

In this video, Amy R. Coffey, MD, FAAP, Assistant Professor of Pediatric Otolaryngology at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical School, explains why swollen glands and other neck lumps can be caused by many different things, including illness, infection, or injury. She also review the various signs, symptoms, and treatment options.

Dr. Amy Coffey "My Child has a Lump in the Neck"

Could My Child Have a Hearing Problem?

In this video, Carlton J. Zdanski, MD, FAAP, FACS, Chief of Pediatric Otolaryngology at the University of North Carolina Chapel Hill and Surgical Director at the North Carolina Children's Airway Center, describes the process for evaluation and treatment for hearing loss in infants and children. He reminds parents that regardless of the severity of hearing loss, interventions exist which can be very beneficial to the child. The ABR and the OAE evaluations are effective tests for infants and children who cannot cooperate for a traditional hearing evaluation.

Dr. Carlton Zdanski "My Child Cannot Hear"

Noisy Breathing in Children

Noisy breathing can develop at any time throughout childhood. Most cases are not dangerous and will resolve. Others, however, could be the result of a serious problem.

In this video, Matthew T. Brigger, MD, MPH, a pediatric otolaryngologist at Rady Children's Hospital San Diego, explains the symptoms of noisy breathing and why it generally warrants evaluation by your child's pediatrician.

Dr. Matthew Brigger "Noisy Breathing"

Does Your Child Snore?

As a parent, you need to be aware of your child's sleep and snoring patterns. In this video, Romaine Johnson, MD, MPH, FACS, Assistant Professor of Pediatric Otolaryngology at UT Southwestern Medical Center Dallas, explains why it is important to talk with your child's doctor if your child snores. A sleep study may be needed to monitor your child while he or she sleeps to determine if a sleep disorder, such as obstructive sleep apnea, is present. Dr. Johnson also explains why enlarged tonsils and androids sometimes cause snoring. 

Dr. Romaine Johnson "Snoring and Obstructive Sleep Apnea"

Treating Ear Infections in Children

In this video, Soham Roy, MD, FAAP, FACS, Director of Pediatric Otolaryngology at Children's Memorial Hermann Hospital and Associate Professor and Director of Quality and Safety at University of Texas Medical Center at Houston, explains how and why children get ear infections and discusses new treatment guidelines. 

Dr. Soham Roy "Ear Infections: Diagnosis and Treatment"