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ASPO Reading List

Clinical Practice Guidelines:

Clinical Practice Guideline: Tonsillectomy in Children (Update). Mitchell RB, Archer SM, Ishman SL, Rosenfeld RM, Coles S, Finestone SA, Friedman NR, Giordano T, Hildrew DM, Kim TW, Lloyd RM, Parikh SR, Shulman ST, Walner DL, Walsh SA, Nnacheta LC. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surgery 2019; 160(1S): S1-S42.

Clinical Practice Guideline: Hoarseness (Dysphonia) (Update). Stachler RJ, Francis DO, Schwartz SR, Damask DO, Digoy GP, Krouse HJ, McCoy SJ, Ouellette DR, Patel RR, Reavis CW, Smith LJ, Smith M, Strode SW, Woo P, Nnacheta LC. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surgery 2018; 158(1S): S1-S42.

Clinical Practice Guideline (Update): Earwax (Cerumen Impaction). Schwartz SR, Magit AE, Rosenfeld RM, Ballachanda BB, Hackell JM, Krouse HJ, Lawlor CM, Lin K, Parham K, Stutz DR, Walsh S, Woodson EA, Yanagisawa K, Cunningham ER. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surgery 2017; 156(1S): S1-S29.

Clinical Practice Guideline: Otitis Media with Effusion (Update). Rosenfeld RM,Shin JJ, Schwartz SR, Coggins R, Gagnon L, Hackell JM, Hoelting D, Hunter LL, Kummer AW, Payne SC, Poe DS, Veling M, Vila PM, Walsh SA, Corrigan MD. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surgery 2016; 154(1S): S1-S41.

Clinical Practice Guideline: Allergic Rhinitis. Seidman MD, Gurgel RK, Lin SY, Schwartz SR, Baroody FM, Bonner JR, Dawson DE, Dykewicz MS, Hackell JM, Han JK, Ishman SL, Krouse HJ, Malekzadeh S, Mims JW, Omole FS, Reddy WD, Wallace DV, Walsh SA, Warren BE, Wilson MN, Nnacheta LC. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surgery 2015; 152(1S): S1-S43.

Clinical Practice Guideline: Acute Otitis Externa. Rosenfeld RM, Schwartz SR, Cannon CR, Roland PS, Simon GR, Kumar KA, Huang WW, Haskell HW, Robertson PJ. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surgery 2015; 150(1S): S1-S24.

Clinical Practice Guideline: Tympanostomy Tubes in Children. Rosenfeld RM,Schwartz SR, Pynnonen MA, Tunkel DE, Hussey HM, Fichera JS, Grimes AM, Hackell JM, Harrison MF, Haskell H, Haynes DS, Kim TW, Lafreniere DC, LeBlanc K, Mackey WL, Netterville JL, Pipan ME, Raol NP, Schellhase KG. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surgery 2013; 149(1S): S1-S35.

Clinical Practice Guideline: Epistaxis. Tunkel DE, Payne SC, Anne S, Ishman SL, Rosenfeld RM, et al. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surgery (tentatively scheduled for publication in January 2020).

Clinical Practice Guideline: Opioid and Analgesia Prescribing for Common Otolaryngology Operations. Anne S, Mims J, Tunkel DE, et al. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surgery (tentatively scheduled for publication in January 2021).

Clinical Consensus Statement: Tracheostomy Care. Mitchell RB, Hussey HM, Setzen G, Jacobs IN, Nussenbaum B, Dawson C, Brown CA, Brandt C, Deakins K, Hartnick C, Merati A. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surgery 2013; 148(1): 6-20.

Clinical Consensus Statement: Pediatric Chronic Rhinosinusitis. Brietzke SE, Shin JJ, Choi S, Lee JT, Parikh SR, Pena M, Prager JD Ramadan H, Veling M, Corrigan M, Rosenfeld RM. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surgery 2014; 151(4): 542-553.

Clinical Consensus Statement: Appropriate Use of Computed Tomography for Paranasal Sinus Disease. Setzen G, Ferguson BJ, Han JK Rhee JS, Cornelius RS, Froum SJ, Gillman GS, Houser SM, Krakovitz PR, Monfared A, Palmer JN, Rosbe KW, Setzen M, Patel MM. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surgery 2012; 147(5): 808-816.

Clinical Consensus Statement: Ankyloglossia in Children. Messner AH, Walsh J, Rosenfeld RM, Schwartz SR, Ishman SL, Baldassari C, Brietzke SE, Darrow DH, Goldstein N, Levi J, Meyer AK, Parikh SR, Simons JP, Wohl DL, Lambie E, Satterfield L. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surgery (tentatively scheduled for publication in January 2020).

Messner AH, Walsh J, Rosenfeld RM, et al. Clinical Consensus Statement: Ankyloglossia in Children [published online ahead of print, 2020 Apr 14]. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2020;194599820915457. doi:10.1177/0194599820915457

Management Guidelines for Children with Thyroid Nodules and Differentiated Thyroid Cancer. The American Thyroid Association Guidelines Task Force on Pediatric Thyroid Cancer. Francis GL, Waguespack SG, Bauer AJ, Angelos P, Benvenga S, Cerutti JM, Dinauer CA, Hamilton J, Hay ID, Luster M, Parisi MT, Rachmiel M, Thompson GB, Yamashita S. Thyroid 2015; 25(7): 716-759.

The Cochrane Collaboration: reviews on many OHNS subjects.
http://www.cochrane.org/

Head & Neck:

Embryology

Gaddikeri S, Vattoth S, et al. Congenital cystic neck masses: embryology and imaging appearances, with clinicopathological correlation. Curr Probl Diagn Radiol. 43(2): 55-67, 2014.

Branchial cleft

Prosser JD, Myer CM. Branchial cleft anomalies and thymic cysts. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 48(1): 1-14, 2015.

Bajaj Y, Ifeacho S, et al. Branchial anomalies in children. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 75(8): 1020-1023, 2011.

Quintanilla-Dieck L, Virgin F, Wootten C, Goudy S, Penn E Jr. Surgical approaches to first branchial cleft anomaly excision: a case series. Case Rep Otolaryngol. Epub 2016. PMID: 27034873.

Derks LS, Veenstra HJ, Oomen KP, Speleman L, Stegeman I. Surgery versus endoscopic cauterization in patients with third or fourth branchial pouch sinuses: a systematic review. Laryngoscope. 126(1): 212-217, 2016.

Nicoucar K, Giger R, Jaecklin T, Pope HG Jr, Dulguerov P. Management of congenital third branchial arch anomalies: a systematic review. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 142(1): 21-28, 2010.

Thyroglossal duct

Pitner H, Elmaraghy C, Fischer B, Onwuka A, Rabe A, Walz P. Diagnostic accuracy of midline pediatric neck masses. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 160(6): 1111-1117, 2019.

Ibrahim FF, Alnoury MK, Varma N, Daniel SJ. Surgical management outcomes of recurrent thyroglossal duct cyst in children – a systematic review. International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology 79(6): 863-867, 2015.

Perkins JA, Inglis AF, Sie KCY, Manning SC. Recurrent thyroglossal duct cysts: a 23-year experience and a new method for management. Annals of Otology, Rhinology & Laryngology. 115(11): 850-856, 2006.

Dermoid/teratoma

Paradis J, Koltai PJ. Pediatric teratoma and dermoid cysts. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 48(1): 121-136, 2015.

Hills SE, Maddalozzo J. Congenital lesions of epithelial origin. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 48(1): 209-23, 2015.

Vascular

Hoff SR, Rastatter JC, Richter GT. Head and neck vascular lesions. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 48(1): 29-45, 2015.

Sadick M, Wohlgemuth WA, Huelse R, Lange B, Henzler T, Schoenberg SO, Sadick H. Interdisciplinary management of head and neck vascular anomalies: clinical presentation, diagnostic findings and minimal invasive therapies. Eur J Radiol Open. 4:63-68, 2017.

Lymphatic malformation

Boardman SJ, Cochrane LA, Roebuck D, Elliott MJ, Hartley BE. Multimodality treatment of pediatric lymphatic malformations of the head and neck using surgery and sclerotherapy. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 136(3):270-276, 2010.

Tu JH, Do HM, Patel V, Yeom KW, Teng JMC. Sclerotherapy for lymphatic malformations of the head and neck in the pediatric population. J Neurointerv Surg. 9(10): 1023-1026, 2017.

Venous malformation

Castren E, Aronniemi J, Klockars T, Pekkola J, Lappalainen K, Vuola P, Salminen P, Pitkaranta A. Complications of sclerotherapy for 75 head and neck venous malformations. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 273(4): 1027-36, 2016.

Tjeu DD, Ghodke BV, Vo NJ, Perkins JA. Single-stage excision of localized head and neck venous malformations using preoperative glue embolization. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 148(4): 678-84, 2013.

Hemangioma

Adams DM, Ricci KW. Infantile hemangiomas in the head and neck region. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 51(1): 77-87, 2018.

Leaute-Labreze, et al. A randomized, controlled trial of oral propranolol in infantile hemangioma. N Engl J Med. 372(8): 735-46, 2015.

Schwartz T, Faria J, Pawar S, Siegel D, Chun RH. Efficacy and rebound rates in propranolol-treated subglottic hemangioma: a literature review. Laryngoscope. 127(11): 2665-2672, 2017.

Javia LR, Zur KB, Jacobs IN. Evolving treatments in the management of laryngotracheal hemangiomas: will propranolol supplant steroids and surgery? Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 75(11): 1450-1454, 2011.

Inflammatory

Lawrence R, Bateman N. Controversies in the management of deep neck space infection in children: an evidence-based review. Clin Otolaryngol. 42(1): 156-163, 2017.

Baldassari CM, Howell R, Amorn M, Budacki R, Choi S, Pena M. Complications in pediatric deep neck space abscesses. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 144(4): 592-595, 2011.

Shimizu Y, Hidaka H, Ozawa D, Kakuta R, Nomura K, Yano H, Watanabe KI, Katori Y. Clinical and bacteriological differences of deep neck infection in pediatric and adult patients: review of 123 cases. Int J Pediatr. 99: 95-99, 2017.

Hoffmann C, Pierrot S, Contencin P, Morisseau-Durand MP, Manach Y, Couloigner V.  Retropharyngeal infections in children. Treatment strategies and outcomes. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 75(9): 1099-1103, 2011.

Carbone PN, Capra GG, Brigger MT. Antibiotic therapy for pediatric deep neck abscesses: a systematic review. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 76(11): 1647-1653, 2012.

Willemse SH, Oomens MAEM, De Lange J, Karssemakers LHE. Diagnosing nontuberculous mycobacterial cervicofacial lymphadenitis in children: a systematic review. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 112: 48-54, 2018.

Penn R, Steehler MK, Sokohl A, Harley EH. Nontuberculous mycobacterial cervicofacial lymphadenitis – a review and proposed classification system. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 75(12): 1599-1603, 2011.

McClay JE, Garcia C. Management of cervicofacial nontuberculous lymphadenitis in children. Curr Opin Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 21(6): 581-587, 2013.

Fibromatosis colli

Jaber MR, Goldsmith AJ. Sternocleidomastoid tumor of infancy: two cases of an interesting entity. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 47(3): 269-74, 1999.

Neoplastic

Chadha NK, Forte V. Pediatric head and neck malignancies. Curr Opin Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 17(6): 471-476, 2009.

Peng KA, Grogan T, Wang MB. Head and neck sarcomas: analysis of the SEER database. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 151(4): 627-633, 2014.

Gaini RM, Romagnoli M, Sala A, Garavello W. Lymphomas of head and neck in pediatric patients. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 73 Suppl 1: S65-70, 2009.

Thyroid

Francis GL, et al. American Thyroid Association Guidelines Task Force. Management guidelines for children with thyroid nodules and differentiated thyroid cancer. Thyroid. 25(7): 716-59, 2015.

Hanley P, Lord K, Bauer AJ. Thyroid disorders in children and adolescents – a review. JAMA Pediatr. 170(10): 1008-1019, 2016.

Salivary

Yoshida EJ, Garcia J, Eisele DW, Chen AM. Salivary gland malignancies in children. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 78(2): 174-8, 2014.

Rebours C, et al. Pediatric salivary gland carcinomas: diagnostic and therapeutic management. Laryngoscope. 127(1):140-147, 2017.

Garavello W, Redaelli M, Galluzzi F, Pignataro L. Juvenile recurrent parotitis: a systematic review of treatment studies. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 112:151-157, 2018.

Orvidas LJ, Kasperbauer JL, Lewis JE, Olsen KD, Lesnick TG. Pediatric parotid masses. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 126(2):177-84, 2000.

Chen JX, Zenga J, Emerick K, Deschler D. Sublingual gland excision for the surgical management of plunging ranula. Am J Otolaryngol. 39(5): 497-500, 2018.

Trauma

Tessler RA, Nguyen H, Newton C, Betts J.  Pediatric penetrating neck trauma: hard signs of injury and selective neck exploration. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 82(6): 989-994, 2017.

Andrew TW, Morbia R, Lorenz HP. Pediatric facial trauma. Clin Plast Surg. 46(2): 239-247, 2019.

Airway:

Laryngomalacia

Thompson DM. Abnormal sensorimotor integrative function of the larynx in congenital laryngomalacia: a new theory of etiology.  Laryngoscope. 2007 Jun;117(6 Pt 2 Suppl 114):1-33.

Richter GT, Rutter MJ, DeAlarcon A, Orvidas LJ, Thompson DM. Late-onset laryngomalacia: A variant of disease. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2008;134(1):75-80.

Richter GT, Wootten CT, Rutter MJ, Thompson DM. Impact of supraglottoplasty on aspiration in severe laryngomalacia. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 2009;118(4):259-266.

Dickson JM, Richter GT, Meinzen-Derr J, Rutter MJ, Thompson DM. Secondary airway lesions in infants with laryngomalacia. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 2009;118(1):37-43.

Preciado D, Zalzal G. A systematic review of supraglottoplasty outcomes. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2012;138(8):718-721.

Durvasula VSPB, Lawson BR, Bower CM, Richter GT. Supraglottoplasty outcomes in neurologically affected and syndromic children. JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2014;140(8):704-711.

Simons JP, Greenberg LL, Mehta DK, Fabio A, Maguire RC, Mandell DL. Laryngomalacia and swallowing function in children. Laryngoscope 2016;126(2):478-484.

Carter J, Rahbar R, Brigger M, Chan K, Cheng A, Daniel SJ, et al. International Pediatric ORL Group (IPOG) laryngomalacia consensus recommendations. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2016;86:256-261.

Subglottic Stenosis

Myer III CM, O’Conner, DM, Cotton RT.  Proposed grading system for subglottic stenosis based upon endotracheal tube sizes. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 1994;103:319-323:

Bogdasian RS Olson NR. Posterior Glottic stenosis. Otolaryngology Head Neck Surg. 1980;88:765-772.

Anterior Cricoid Split

Silver FM, Myer III CM, Cotton RT. Anterior cricoid split update 1991. Am J Otolaryngol Head Neck Med Surg 1991;12(6):343-346.

Drake AF, Babyak JW, Niparko JK, Koopmann CF. The Anterior Cricoid Split: Clinical Experience With Extended Indications. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 1988;114(12):1404-1406.

Forte V, B. Chang M, Papsin BC. Thyroid ala cartilage reconstruction in neonatal subglottic stenosis as a replacement for the anterior cricoid split. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2001;59(3):181-186.

White DR, Bravo M, Vijayasekaran S, Rutter MJ, Cotton RT, Elluru RG. Laryngotracheoplasty as an alternative to tracheotomy in infants younger than 6 months. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2009 May;135(5):445-7

Horn DL, Maguire RC, Simons JP, Mehta DK. Endoscopic anterior cricoid split with balloon dilation in infants with failed extubation. Laryngoscope 2012;122(1):216-219.

LTR

Koempel JA, Cotton RT. History of pediatric laryngotracheal reconstruction Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2008 Oct;41(5):825-35,

McQueen CT, Shapiro NL, Leighton S, Guo XG, Albert DM. Single-stage laryngotracheal reconstruction: The Great Ormond Street experience and guidelines for patient selection. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 1999;125(3):320-322.

Gustafson LM, Hartley BEJ, Liu JH, Link DT, Chadwell J, Koebbe C, et al. Single-stage laryngotracheal reconstruction in children: A review of 200 cases. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2000;123(4):430-434.

Hartnick CJ, Hartley BE, Lacey PD et al. Surgery for pediatric subglottic stenosis: Disease specific outcomes. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 2001:110:1109-1113.

Wyatt ME, Hartley BEJ. Laryngotracheal reconstruction in congenital laryngeal webs and atresias. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2005;132(2):232-238.

McCarty Statham M, De Alarcon A, Germann JN, Tabangin ME, Cohen AP, Rutter MJ. Screening and treatment of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in children undergoing open airway surgery. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2012;138(2):153-157.

Smith DF, de Alarcon A, Jefferson ND, Tabangin ME, Rutter MJ, Cotton RT, et al. Short- versus Long-term Stenting in Children with Subglottic Stenosis Undergoing Laryngotracheal Reconstruction. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2018;158(2):375-380.

CTR

Hartley BEJ, Cotton RT. Paediatric airway stenosis: Laryngotracheal reconstruction or cricotracheal resection? Clin Otolaryngol Allied Sci 2000;25(5):342-349.

Monnier P, Lang F. Savary M: Treatment of subglottic stenosis in children by criocotracheal resection for pediatric subglottic stenosis: A single institution’s experience in 60 cases. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2003;260.295-297.

Ikonomidis C, George M, Jaquet Y, Monnier P.  Partial cricotracheal resection in children weighing less than 10 kilograms.  Otolaryngol Head Neck Surgery 2010; 142(1):41-7.

Endoscopic Airway Surgery

Dahl JP, Purcell PL, Parikh SR, Inglis AF. Endoscopic posterior cricoid split with costal cartilage graft: A fifteen-year experience. Laryngoscope 2017;127(1):252-257.

Hautefort C, Teissier N, Viala P, Van Den Abbeele T. Balloon dilation laryngoplasty for subglottic stenosis in children: Eight years' experience. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2012;138(3):235-240.

Whigham AS, Howell R, Choi S, Peña M, Zalzal G, Preciado DA. Outcomes of balloon dilation in pediatric subglottic stenosis. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 2012;121(7):442-448.

Lim J, Hellier W, Harcourt J, Leighton S, Albert D. Subglottic cysts: the Great Ormond Street experience. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2003 May;67(5):461-5

Ransom ER, Antunes MB, Smith LP, Jacobs IN. Microdebrider resection of acquired subglottic cysts; Case Series and review of the literature: Int J Ped Oto  2009;73:1833-36.

Hemangioma

Denoyelle F, Leboulanger N, Enjolas  O et al. Role of propanolol in the therapeutic treatment of infantile laryngotracheal hemangioma. Int J ped Oto 2009;73: 1168-1172

Rahbar R, Nicollas R, Roger G et al. The biology and management of subglottic hemangioma. Past, present and future. Laryngoscope. 2004;114:1880-1891.

Javia LR, Zur  Jacobs IN Evolving treatments in the management of laryngotracheal hemangiomas: Will propanolol supplant steroids and surgery. Int J Ped Otolaryngology 2011

Recurrent Respiratory Papillomatosis

Derkay CS, Malis DJ, Zalzal G et al. A staging system for assessing severity of disease and response to therapy in recurrent respiratory papillomatosis. Laryngoscope. 108, 935-937. (1998)

Campisi P, Hawkes M, Simpson K; Canadian Juvenile Onset Recurrent Respiratory Papillomatosis Working Group. Laryngoscope. 2010 Jun;120(6):1233-45.

Rogers DJ, Ojha S, Maurer R, Hartnick CJ. Use of adjuvant intralesional bevacizumab for aggressive respiratory papillomatosis in children. JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2013;139(5):496-501

Best SR, Mohr M, Zur KB. Systemic bevacizumab for recurrent respiratory papillomatosis: A national survey. Laryngoscope 2017;127(10):2225-2229.

Derkay CS, Bluher AE. Recurrent respiratory papillomatosis: Update 2018. Curr Opin Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2018;26(6):421-425.

VF paralysis

Lichtenberger G  Reversible lateralization of paralyzed vocal cords without tracheotomy.  Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 2002;111:21-26.

Zur KB, Carroll LM. Recurrent laryngeal nerve reinnervation in children: Acoustic and endoscopic characteristics pre-intervention and post-intervention. A comparison of treatment options. Laryngoscope 2015;125:S1-S15.

Butskiy O, Mistry B, Chadha NK. Surgical interventions for pediatric unilateral vocal cord paralysis: A systematic review. JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2015;141(7):654-660.

Rutter MJ, Hart CK, Alarcon AD, Daniel SJ, Parikh SR, Balakrishnan K, et al. Endoscopic anterior–posterior cricoid split for pediatric bilateral vocal fold paralysis. Laryngoscope 2018;128(1):257-263.

Ongkasuwan J, Espinosa MCL, Hollas S, Devore D, Procter T, Bassett E, et al. Predictors of voice outcome in pediatric non-selective laryngeal reinnervation. Laryngoscope 2019.

Laryngeal cleft

Benjamin B, Inglis A. Minor congenital laryngeal clefts: Diagnosis and classification. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 1989;98(6):417-420.

Kubba H, Bailey M, Gibson D, Hartley B. Techniques and outcomes of laryngeal cleft repair: An update to the Great Ormond Street Hospital series. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 2005;114(4):309-313.

Chien W, Ashland J, Haver K, Hardy SC, Curren P, Hartnick CJ. Type 1 laryngeal cleft: Establishing a functional diagnostic and management algorithm. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2006;70(12):2073-2079.

Rahbar R, Chen JL, Rosen RL, Lowry KC, Simon DM, Perez JA, et al. Endoscopic repair of Laryngeal Cleft type I and type II: When and why? Laryngoscope 2009;119(9):1797-1802.

Cohen MS, Zhuang L, Simons JP, Chi DH, Maguire RC, Mehta DK. Injection laryngoplasty for type 1 laryngeal cleft in children. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2011;144(5):789-793.

Balakrishnan K, Cheng E, De Alarcon A, Sidell DR, Hart CK, Rutter MJ. Outcomes and resource utilization of endoscopic mass-closure technique for laryngeal clefts. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2015;153(1):119-123.

Yeung JC, Balakrishnan K, Cheng ATL, Daniel SJ, Garabedian E-, Hart CK, et al. International Pediatric Otolaryngology Group: Consensus guidelines on the diagnosis and management of type I laryngeal clefts. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2017;101:51-56.

Complete rings

Rutter MJ, Cotton RT, Azizkhan RG, Manning PB. Slide tracheoplasty for the management of complete tracheal rings. J Pediatr Surg 2003;38(6):928-934.

Elliot M, Hartley BE, Wallis C, et al. Slide tracheoplasty. Curr Opinion Otolaryng. Head Neck Surgery 2008;16:75-82.

Tracheostomy

Carr MM, Poje CR, Kingston L, Kielma D, Heard C. Complications in pediatric tracheostomies. Laryngoscope 2001;111(11):1925-1928.

Liu C, Heffernan C, Saluja S, Yuan J, Paine M, Oyemwense N, et al. Indications, hospital course, and complexity of patients undergoing tracheostomy at a tertiary care pediatric hospital. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2014;151(2):232-239.

McCormick ME, Ward E, Roberson DW, Shah RK, Stachler RJ, Brenner MJ. Life after tracheostomy: Patient and family perspectives on teaching, transitions, and multidisciplinary teams. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2015;153(6):914-920.

Gergin O, Adil EA, Kawai K, Watters K, Moritz E, Rahbar R. Indications of pediatric tracheostomy over the last 30 years: Has anything changed? Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2016;87:144-147.

Funamura JL, Yuen S, Kawai K, Gergin O, Adil E, Rahbar R, et al. Characterizing mortality in pediatric tracheostomy patients. Laryngoscope 2017;127(7):1701-1706.

Other

Shah RK, Roberson DW, Jones DT.  Epiglottitis in the Hemophilus influenza Type B Vaccine Era: Changing Trends.  Laryngoscope. 2004 114:557-560.

Miyamoto RC, Cotton RT, Rope AF, Hopkin RJ, Cohen AP, Shott SR, Rutter MJ Association of anterior glottic webs with velocardiofacial syndrome (chromosome 22q11.2 deletion) Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2004 Apr;130(4):415-7

Dyce O. McDonald-McGinn D, Kirschner RE et al. Otolaryngologic manefestions of 22 q 11.2 deletion syndrome. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2002:128:1408-1412.

Fearon B, Cotton RT. The management of long term airway problems in infants and children.  Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol  1971;80:669-677.h

Otology

Paradise JL, Feldman HM, Campbell TF, Dollaghan CA, Rockette HE, Pitcairn DL, Smith CG, Colborn DK, Bernard BS, Kurs-Lasky M, Janosky JE, Sabo DL, O’Connor RE, Pelham WE Jr. Tympanostomy tubes and developmental outcomes at 9 to 11 years of age. N Engl J Med. 2007 Jan 18;356(3):248-61.

Jahrsdoerfer RA, Yeakley JW, Aguilar EA, Cole RR, Gray LC.Grading system for the selection of patients with congenital aural atresia. Am J Otol. 1992 Jan;13(1):6-12.

Jackler RK, Luxford WM, House WF. Congenital malformations of the inner ear: a classification based on embryogenesis. Laryngoscope. 1987 Mar;97(3 Pt 2 Suppl 40):2-14.

Year 2019 Position Statement: Principles and Guidelines for Early Hearing Detection and Intervention Programs. Journal of Early Hearing Detection and Intervention, 4(2), 1-44. DOI: 10.15142/fptk-b748

Diagnosing and Preventing Hearing Loss in the Genomic Age.  McDermott JH, Molina-Ramírez LP, Bruce IA, Mahaveer A, Turner M, Miele G, Body R, Mahood R, Ulph F, MacLeod R, Harvey K, Booth N, Demain LAM, Wilson P, Black GC, Morton CC, Newman WG.Trends Hear. 2019 Jan-Dec;23:2331216519878983. doi: 10.1177/2331216519878983. PMID: 31621509

Pediatric cochlear implant wear time and early language development.  Gagnon EB, Eskridge H, Brown KD. Cochlear Implants Int. 2019 Sep 29:1-6. doi: 10.1080/14670100.2019.1670487. PMID: 31566100

Long-term Implant Usage and Quality-of-Life in Sequential Bilateral Pediatric Cochlear Implantation. Low D, Shipp D, Gordon K, Kuroiwa-Rivero M, Cushing S, Papsin B, Le T, Lin V, Chen J. Otol Neurotol. 2019 Sep 6. doi: 10.1097/MAO.0000000000002439. PMID:31498292

Genetic Therapies for Hearing Loss: Accomplishments and Remaining Challenges. Taiber S, Avraham KB. Neurosci Lett. 2019 Nov 20;713:134527. doi: 10.1016/j.neulet.2019.134527. Epub 2019 Oct 3. Review.PMID: 31586696

Evaluation of clinically asymptomatic high risk infants with congenital cytomegalovirus infection. Ronchi A, Zeray F, Lee LE, Owen KE, Shoup AG, Garcia F, Vazquez LN, Cantey JB, Varghese S, Pugni L, Mosca F, Sánchez PJ. J Perinatol. 2019 Oct 1. doi: 10.1038/s41372-019-0501-z. PMID: 31575999

A new MRI severity score to predict long-term adverse neurologic outcomes in children with congenital Cytomegalovirus infection.Lucignani G, Rossi Espagnet MC, Napolitano A, Figà Talamanca L, Calò Carducci FI, Auriti C, Longo D.J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2019 Jun 3:1-8. doi: 10.1080/14767058.2019.1620725. PMID:31096816

Updates in Pediatric Cholesteatoma: Minimizing Intervention While Maximizing Outcomes. Luu K, Chi D, Kiyosaki KK, Chang KW. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2019 Oct;52(5):813-823. doi: 10.1016/j.otc.2019.05.003. Epub 2019 Jul 5. PMID: 31280890

Surgical treatment of chronic ear disease in remote or resource-constrained environments. Smith MCF, Huins C, Bhutta M. J Laryngol Otol. 2018 Dec 19:1-10. doi: 10.1017/S0022215118002165. PMID: 30565532

Comparison of endoscopic and microscopic ear surgery in pediatric patients: A meta-analysis. Han SY, Lee DY, Chung J, Kim YH. Laryngoscope. 2019 Jun;129(6):1444-1452. doi: 10.1002/lary.27556. Epub 2018 Dec 28. PMID: 30593662

Vestibular pathology in children with enlarged vestibular aqueduct. Yang CJ, Lavender V, Meinzen-Derr JK, Cohen AP, Youssif M, Castiglione M, Manickam V, Bachmann KR, Greinwald JH. Laryngoscope. 2016 Oct;126(10):2344-50. doi: 10.1002/lary.25890. Epub 2016 Feb 10.PMID: 26864825

Unilateral hearing loss in children: speech-language and school performance. J. E. C. Lieu. B-ENT. Author manuscript; available in PMC 2015 Apr 1. Published in final edited form as: B-ENT. 2013; Suppl 21: 107–115.PMCID: PMC4382076

Contemporary Concepts in Management of Acute Otitis Media in Children. Eleni Rettig, David E. Tunkel. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. Author manuscript; available in PMC 2015 Oct 1. Published in final edited form as: Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2014 Oct; 47(5): 651–672. Published online 2014 Aug 1. doi: 10.1016/j.otc.2014.06.006 PMCID: PMC4393005

Can Endoscopic Tympanoplasty Be a Good Alternative to Microscopic Tympanoplasty? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Sang-Yeon Lee, Doh Young Lee, Yuju Seo, Young Ho Kim. Clin Exp Otorhinolaryngol. 2019 May; 12(2): 145–155. Published online 2019 Jan 25. doi: 10.21053/ceo.2018.01277 PMCID: PMC645378

Tonsils & Adenoids & Palate & Pharynx

Gozal, David. “Sleep-Disordered Breathing and School Performance in Children.” Pediatrics, vol. 102, no. 3, 1998, pp. 616–620.

Lee HS, Yoon HY, Jin HJ, Hwang SH. The safety and efficacy of powered intracapsular tonsillectomy in children: A meta-analysis. Laryngoscope. 2018;128(3):732‐744. doi:10.1002/lary.26886

Rubenstein BJ, Derkay CS. Rethinking Surgical Technique and Priorities for Pediatric Tonsillectomy.  American Journal of Otolaryngology. 2017; 38(2): 233-236.

Paradise JL, Bluestone CD, Colborn DK, Bernard BS, Rockette HE, Kurs-Lasky M. Tonsillectomy and adenotonsillectomy for recurrent throat infection in moderately affected children. Pediatrics, 110 Number 1, pgs 7-15, 2002

In a previous trials on children severely affected with recurrent tonsillar infection, tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy (T&A) was justified. However, current publication by the same authors demonstrated only modest benefit in mild to moderately affected children and claim that risk of surgery is not justified.

Lowe D, van der Meulen J, Cromwell D, Lewsey J, Copley L, Browne J, Yung M, Brown P.Key messages from the National Prospective Tonsillectomy Audit. Laryngoscope. 117:717-24, 2007.

A national audit in England and northern Ireland on post-operative hemorrhage after T&A revealed 0.6% primary and 3% secondary hemorrhage. Diathermy methods had increased risk of bleeding compared to cold steel dissection and stitch method. 

Muzumdar H, Arens R. Diagnostic Issues in Pediatric Obstructive Sleep Apnea. Proc Am Thorac Soc, 5:263-73, 2008.

A thorough review of diagnostic issues from history and physical examination to the testing, including detailed information on polysomnogram (PSG) variables and its interpretation in children

Goldstein NA, Pugazhendhi V, Rao SM, Weedon J, Campbell TF, Goldman AC, Post JC, Rao M. Clinical Assessment of Pediatric Obstructive Sleep Apnea. Pediatrics,114:33-43, 2004

This study was to assess the role of surgery on children with a positive clinical assessment of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) but negative PSG and demonstrated significant improvement after T&A as compared with observation alone, thus validating the clinician’s role in diagnosing upper airway obstruction.

Kheirandish-Gozal L, Gozal D. Intranasal budesonide treatment for children with mild obstructive sleep apnea syndrome.  Pediatrics, 122:149-55, 2008.

This study demonstrated an improvement in OSA as per PSG and reduction of adenoid size with 6 week course of budesonide in children with mild SDB, and recommended that topical steroids should be the initial therapeutic option. 

Liming BJ, Ryan M, Mack D, Ahmad I, Camacho M.  Montelukast and Nasal Corticosteroids to Treat Pediatric Obstructive Sleep Apnea: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.  Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2019.  160(4):594-602.

This paper examines the efficacy of medical management for mild OSA.

Friedman M, Wilson M, Lin H-C, Chang H-W.  Updated systematic review of tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy for treatment of pediatric obstructive sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome.  Otolaryngol Head Neck Surgery 140:800-08, 2009

A meta-analysis of 23 studies on the treatment of pediatric OSA with T&A using PSG as metric of cure was conducted, which demonstrated that although complete resolution is not achieved in most cases, T&A offers significant improvement in OSA making it valuable first-line treatment. 

Chervin RD, Ruzicka DL, Giordani BJ, Weatherly RA, Dillon JE, Hodges EK,Marcus CL, Guire KE. Sleep-Disordered breathing, behavior, and cognition in children before and after adenotonsillectomy. Pediatrics, 117, Number 4, e769-e778, 2006

This study compares the pre-operative and 1-year post-operative assessment of behavioral, cognitive and psychiatric morbidity in children undergo T&A. Results indicate that pre-operatively, children with sleep sleep disordered breathing (SDB) have significant neurobehavioral morbidity that improves after the surgery.

Lin AC, Koltai, PJ. Persistent pediatric obstructive sleep apnea and lingual tonsillectomy Otolaryngol Head Neck Surgery 2009 141: 81

Persistent OSA after T&A is discussed in this article, with the experience on endoscopic assisted coblation lingual tonsillectomy improving the SDB in pediatric population. 

Marcus CL, Moore RH, Rosen CL, Giordani B, Garetz SL, Taylor HG, Mitchell RB, Amin R, Katz ES, Arens R, Paruthi S, Muzumdar H, Gozal D, Thomas NH, Ware J, Beebe D, Snyder K, Elden L, Sprecher RC, Willging P, Jones D, Bent JP, Hoban T, Chervin RD, Ellenberg SS.  A randomized trial of adenotonsillectomy for childhood sleep apnea.  Childhood Adenotonsillectomy Trial (CHAT).  N Engl J Med. 2013 368(25):2366-76. 

This study compares the clinical outcomes of adentonsillectomy versus watchful waiting in children with OSA

Campbell A, Costello BJ, Ruiz RL. Cleft lip and palate surgery: an update of clinical outcomes for primary repair. Oral Maxillofac Surg Clin North Am. 2010 Feb;22(1):43-58. Review.

This article provides an update on current primary cleft lip and palate outcome data and helps the reader in understanding outcome data and when making clinical decisions for patients with clefts

Abyholm F, D’Antonio L, Davidson Ward SL, Kjøll L, Saeed M, Shaw W, Sloan G, Whitby D, Worhington H, Wyatt R; VPI Surgical Group. Pharyngeal flap and sphincterplasty for velopharyngeal insufficiency have equal outcome at 1 year postoperatively: Results of a randomized trial. Cleft Palate Craniofac J. 2005 Sep;42(5):501-11.

An international multicenter randomized trial to study the outcome of two surgical procedures (flap and sphincter pharyngoplasty) for speech, incidence of sleep apnea, and surgical complications demonstrated no significant differences 1 year postoperatively.

Rhinology & Sinus Surgery

Moreddu E, Rizzi M, Adil E, et al. International Pediatric Otolaryngology Group (IPOG) consensus recommendations: Diagnosis, pre-operative, operative and post-operative pediatric choanal atresia care. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2019;123:151‐155. doi:10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.05.010

Reid JR. Complications of pediatric paranasal sinusitis. Pediatr Radiol. 2004;34(12):933‐942. doi:10.1007/s00247-004-1252-2

Abuzeid WM, Song C, Fastenberg JH, et al. Correlations between cystic fibrosis genotype and sinus disease severity in chronic rhinosinusitis. Laryngoscope. 2018;128(8):1752‐1758. doi:10.1002/lary.27019

Wald ER, Applegate KE, Bordley C, et al. Clinical practice guideline for the diagnosis and management of acute bacterial sinusitis in children aged 1 to 18 years. Pediatrics. 2013;132(1):e262‐e280. doi:10.1542/peds.2013-1071

Zanation AM, et al.  Anatomical considerations for endoscopic endonasal skull base surgery in pediatric patients.  Laryngoscope. 2010.  120:1730-1737.

This CT cross-sectional survey highlights the important anatomic limits that must be considered in pediatric sinus and skull base surgery.  It is extremely important to appreciate these differences, as the use of endoscopic sinus and skull base techniques continues to increase in young children.

Tana N, et al.  Surgical treatment of subperiosteal orbital abscess.  Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg, 2008.  134:(7):764-767.

An excellent comparison of the different approaches in the surgical treatment of subperisoteal abscess.  The study highlights the endoscopic approach, now widely considered the first line of surgical treatment.

Thottam PJ, et al.  Functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) alone versus balloon catheter sinuplasty (BCS) and ethmoidectomy:  a comparative outcome analysis in pediatric chronic rhinosinusitis.  Int J Ped Otorhinolaryngology, 2012.  76:1355-1360.

This recent study of balloon catheter sinuplasty (BCS) improves upon past papers, by directly comparing FESS to the increasingly popular technique of BCS.  In children, adequate data for BCS has been lacking.

Bonne NX, et al.  Endonasal endoscopic approach for removal of intranasal glial heterotopias.  Rhinology, 2012.  50(2):211-217

This recent review highlights the techniques necessary for endoscopic resection of congenital nasal glioma and encephaloceles.  Management of the potential complications is also addressed. 

Newman JR, et al.  Operative management of choanal atresia:  a 15-year experience.  JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg, 2013.  139(1):71-75.

A recent and excellent report on the management of choanal atresia over a 15 year period at the University of Alabama at Birmingham.  The review addresses various approaches as well as the issues of mitomycin-C use and the recent controversy in regards to the use of stents vs. no-stenting.

Facial Plastic Surgery

Ching JA, Daggett JD, Alvarez SA, Conley CL, Ruas EJ. A Simple Mandibular Distraction Protocol to Avoid Tracheostomy in Patients With Pierre Robin Sequence. Cleft Palate Craniofac J. 2017;54(2):210‐215. doi:10.1597/14-211.

Leu GR, Scott AR. A Standardized Care Pathway Following Mandibular Distraction in Infants Less Than 3 Months of Age. Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery.  2019; 161(5): 870-876.

Khansa I, et al. Airway and Feeding Outcomes of Mandibular Distraction, Tongue-Lip Adhesion and Conservative Management in Pierre Robin Sequence: A Prospective Study. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. 2017; 139: 975e-983e.

Forrest CR, Hopper RA. Craniofacial Syndromes and Surgery.  Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. 2013; 131: 86e-109e.

Dyce O, et al. Otolaryngologic Manifestations of the 22q11.2 Deletion Syndrome.  Archives of Otolaryngology Head Neck Surgery. 2002; 128:1408-1412.

Cladis F, et al. Pierre Robin Sequence: A Perioperative Review.  Anesthesia and Analgesia. 2014; 119: 400-412.

Flores RL, et al. The Surgical Correction of Pierre Robin Sequence: Mandibular Distraction Osteogenesis versus Tongue-Lip Adhesion.  Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. 2014; 133: 1433-1439.

Greathouse ST, et al. The Surgical Treatment of Robin Sequence.  Annals of Plastic Surgery. 2016; 77: 413-419.

Brent B. Technical advances in ear reconstruction with autologous rib cartilage grafts: personal experience with 1200 cases. Plast Reconstru Surg. 1999 104(2):319-334.

A classic review and description on the use of autologous rib cartilage in external ear reconstruction for microtia, that every resident should read and be familiar with.

Thorne CH et al. Auricular Reconstruction: indications for the autogenous and prosthetic techniques. Plast Reconstru Surg, 2001 107(5):1241-1252

This article addresses the indications for both autogenous and prosthetics in the reconstruction of the external ear in children.

Gosain AK et al. Prominent ears in children younger than 4 years of age: what is appropriate timing for otoplasty.  Plast Reconstu Surg, 2004 114(5):1042-54

This paper discusses surgery for otoplasty, including the classic Mustarde technique and the appropriate timing of surgery in younger children

McCarthy JG et al. Hemangiomas of the nasal tip. Plast Reconstr Surg 2002 10931-40.

An excellent review of a very challenging dilemma in pediatric facial plastic surgery – i.e. watchful waiting vs. medical treatment, vs. surgical intervention.

Monasterio FO et al. Distraction osteogenesis in Pierre Robin Sequence and related respiratory problems in children. J Craniofac Surg  2002 13:79-83.

An important description of distraction for micrognathia, complicated by respiratory distress and feeding difficulties.  This paper will help residents to understand the decision making process involved in choosing distraction osteogenesis vs. conservative management vs. tracheotomy when necessary.

Miscellaneous

Anfang RR, Jatana KJ, Linn RL, Rhoades K, Fry J, Jacobs IN. pH-neutralizing Esophageal Irrigations as a Novel Mitigation Strategy for Button Battery Injury. Laryngoscope. 2019; 129(1): 49-57.

Cunningham MJ, Lin AC. Pediatric otolaryngology: The maturation of a pediatric surgical subspecialty. Laryngoscope. 2011 Jan;121(1):194-201.

A wonderful review of the history of pediatric otolaryngology.

Vandenplas Y, Rudolph CD, Di Lorenzo C, Hassall E, Liptak G, Mazur L, Sondheimer J, Staiano A, Thomson M, Veereman-Wauters G, Wenzl TG, North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology Hepatology and Nutrition, European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology Hepatology and Nutrition. Pediatric gastroesophageal reflux clinical practice guidelines: joint recommendations of the North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition (NASPGHAN) and the European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition (ESPGHAN). J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2009 Oct;49(4):498-547.

This is a comprehensive guideline discussing all aspects of GERD.

Furuta, GT, Liacouras CA, Collins, MH, et al, Eosinophilic esophagitis in children and adults: A systematic review and consensus recommendations for diagnosis and treatment. Gastroenterology 133:1342-1363; 2007.

Otteson TD, Mantle BA, Casselbrant ML, Goyal A.  The otolaryngologic manifestations in children with eosinophilic esophagitis. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2012 Jan;76(1):116-9. doi: 10.1016/j.ijporl.2011

These 2 articles on eosinophilic esophagitis provide the learner with an excellent overview of the subject. 

Sharpe SJ, Rochette LM, Smith GA. Pediatric battery-related emergency department visits in the United States, 1990-2009.  Pediatrics. 2012 Jun;129(6):1111-7

Interesting information on battery injuries.

Shprintzen RJ. Velo-cardio-facial syndrome: 30 Years of study. Dev Disabil Res Rev. 2008;14(1):3-10.

Bull MJ; Committee on Genetics.  Health supervision for children with Down syndrome. Pediatrics. 2011 Aug;128(2):393-406. doi: 10.1542/peds.2011-1605

Makishima T, King K, Brewer CC, et al.  Otolaryngologic markers for the early diagnosis of Turner syndrome.  Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2009; 73(11): 1564-7.